Climate change: a threat to our very existence
Global leaders use up almost half of the resources on Earth. While climate change hurts the people who don’t produce as much carbon. Nearly 22 million people are at risk of going hungry in the Horn of Africa. So, climate change is as big a security problem as national security. The United Nations says that to stop climate change, political and economic changes are needed. Globally, climate change is seen as a threat to our very existence, but attempts to stop the effects of climate crises are either enough or not taken seriously enough. With the way things are set up now to control how money is spent on climate change, growth is very slow.
Pakistan is still being hurt by climate change, even though it is a poor country and one of the countries that puts out the least amount of carbon. During the rains of last year, a third of Pakistan was under water. Almost 45 percent of the country’s farmland was hurt. Around 5.1 million children under the age of 5 who needed to be immunised and cared for in terms of feeding had to leave their homes because of the floods. A lot of infrastructure was also lost. About 6,000 kilometres of roads and bridges were destroyed.
Instead of compensation, Pakistan was offered debt on the international level. The fact that the world’s polluters don’t want to give money to a country hit by climate change shows that they have two different sets of rules. The world powers have the money to fight wars in Ukraine and Afghanistan, but not to deal with the climate threat. Microclimate problems are hard to talk about at a higher international level, but it is important to protect people from disasters like floods. So, Pakistan must keep pushing for measures that help people adapt to climate change. On the home front, Pakistan needs to get more of its energy from sun and other natural sources. The rivers of Pakistan are also in danger because mountains are melting quickly. As a safety measure, managing water needs rules and laws.
Climate change is real, the world is getting hotter, and the countries that are to blame need to take action soon. Climate change needs to be put at the top of regional and worldwide agendas in order to protect people from the bad effects of climate crises. Climate funding, reducing carbon emissions, and adapting to climate change are all things that need to be done. The “Paris Agreement” is one of the ways that climate change can be stopped. In the Agreement, 198 countries have made commitments and signed international agreements to “slow down” climate change. But the lack of action on the ground has made it harder for people to work together to deal with the danger of climate change around the world. The scope of the Paris Agreement needs to be widened to include things like making up for losses, protecting oceans, and preserving biodiversity.
Keeping global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius shouldn’t be seen as a limit, but rather as a line that, if crossed, would cause terrible things to happen to people. Also, it’s important to keep petrol factories in check so they don’t pollute the air. Lastly, the policies and programmes made to lessen the effects of climate change should be based on a method that everyone agrees is best for humanity as a whole. People need to stop thinking that countries in the Horn of Africa and small island countries like the Maldives can be harmed. In this effort, the global leaders should take the lead because they are responsible for most of the carbon emissions. Also, the technology of the wealthy world should be used to make the world healthier.